The Seljuk Han of Anatolia

CARMELIK HAN

 


This recently-restored han in the southeastern part of Turkey, was built near the Car Melek Castle. It was mentioned by Evliya Çelebi in his 17th century travel journal, and legend states that it was built by 4 ruling brothers.

 

 

Karpuz Anadolu Selçuklu Eserleri (2008) v.2 p. 380

Karpuz Anadolu Selçuklu Eserleri (2008) v.2 p. 379

DISTRICT
63 SANLIURFA
 

LOCATION

The Carmelik Han is located in the village of Büyük Han in the district of Bozova, It is situated 10 km from the village on the Sanliurfa-Gaziantep highway.  This was a huge structure, now totally in ruins. It was one of the major hans on the road to Syria.

 

DATE

The construction date is not certain, but Evliya Çelebi mentioned the han in his 17th century travel journal, stating that the Car Melik castle was 2 hours from the town of Suruç. Legend states that it was built by 4 ruling brothers. It is believed that it could date as early as the Abbasid period, but was rebuilt by the Seljuks and repaired by the Ottomans. Its plan is more similar to Syrian 12-13th century hans than Seljuk hans, but researchers believe it was built in the 13th c. Seljuk period.

 

INSCRIPTION

No inscription plaque has been found for this han.

 

BUILDING TYPE

Covered section with an open courtyard (COC)

 

DESCRIPTION

The courtyard is approximately square, and measures 63.40 x 65.20 m. The courtyard is surrounded by arcades.

 

Although in ruins, the traces of the covered section can be seen next to the courtyard. The han was built with cut stone blocks.

 

STATE OF CONSERVATION, CURRENT USE

A major restoration project for this ruined han was undertaken in 2013 by the Sanliurfa Cultural and Tourism Agency. Excavations were carried out and the plan of the han was reconstituted. The northern and southern sections were rebuilt and excavations were carried out in the courtyard. The restoration project was completed in 2016.

 

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES

Karpuz, H. & Kuş, A. & Dıvarcı, I. & Şimşek, F. Anadolu Selçuklu Eserleri, 2008, v.2 p. 379-380.

Gündüz, Sema. “Merkez Bucaği-Kalkan Köyü-Kantarma Mezrasi Hani.” Birecik, Halfet, Suruç, Bozova Ilceleri ile Rumkale’deki Taşinmaz Kültür Varliklari. Ankara, 1999, pp. 318-325.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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