The Seljuk Han of Anatolia
CIFTLIK CAMLIBEL HAN
Not much remains of this han, believed to have been one of the seven hans built by Mahperi Hatun in the Tokat region.
plan drawn by Erdmann
The Çiftlik Çamlibel Han is located on the Sivas-Tokat Road, 35 km north of Yildizeli. This road follows the same route as the former caravan route. Other nearby hans are the Tahtoba Han (in runs) and the Yildiz Han, now lost.
As the han is located right out of the village of Çamlibel, it also called the Çiftlik-Çamlibel Han. However, the origin of this name is unknown.
Giyaseddin Keyhüsrev II
The inscription, which would have identified the han, has been lost, and, as such, it is not possible to determine the identity of the patron or the building date. However, there is a common view that most of the hans in the Tokat area were built by Mahperi Hunat Hatun between 1238-46.
Covered section with an open courtyard (COC)
Covered section is smaller than the courtyard
Covered section with 3 naves (a middle nave and 2 lateral aisles) perpendicular to the rear wall
5 lines of support cross-vaults parallel to the rear wall
The Çiftlik Çamlibel Han is oriented north-south and its entrance faces the south towards Yildizeli. This han shares the same plan as the nearby Tahtoba Han, as both have a covered section for lodging and shelter and an open courtyard with service facilities. The courtyard section no longer exists.
The covered section comprises three naves separated by two support walls, each placed on four square piers linked by pointed arches. The naves are covered with pointed vaults in the north-south direction. The central nave is higher and wider than the lateral ones. The naves are also connected with horizontal support lines running in the east-west direction. Recent excavations have revealed traces of a raised loading platform located in the central nave.
The interior of the covered section was lit by square windows positioned in the east and west walls in the middle of the second and fourth cross-vaults.
The crown door no longer exists. As can be determined from old photographs, it was on the southern wall and opened directly into the central nave. Traces in front of the covered section show that the han offered service facilities, as can be seen in the photograph taken by Gabriel in 1934. A section of the northern wall, a section of the north-west nave, and a part of the southern wall which would have held the crown door are still standing. The rest of the han has completely collapsed. The north-west wall and the nave are in sound condition and provide information concerning the covering and the plan of the structure.
Square support towers existed in the corners and in the middle of the east and west walls.
No mosque was found in the han, but a local mosque is located 2 km from the han.
There is no trace of decoration. Erdmann noted the mason marks on the cut stones of the structure and classified them by typology. However, the majority of the stones with these marks have been lost.
The total area is 630 m2.
STATE OF CONSERVATION, CURRENT USAGE
A section of the northern wall, a section of the north nave, and a part of the southern wall which would have held the crown door, are still standing. The rest of the han has completely collapsed and is in ruins.
The han appeared to be in solid condition in photographs taken in 1926. Over the years, the stones of the walls have been appropriated for other constructions, and, as a result, the condition of the han quickly deteriorated.
After your visit, don't miss the opportunity to sample the delicious Tokat specialty, çökelikli pide, at the Çamlibel Pide Salonu across from the han: it's the best in the region according to the locals.
Acun, H. Anadolu Selçuklu Dönemi Kervansarayları, 2007, p. 489.
Childs, W. J. Across Asia Minor on Foot. Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1917, p. 129.
Eravşar, Osman. Yollarin Taniklari (Witnesses of the Way), 2017, pp. 127-130.
Erdmann, Kurt. Das Anatolische Karavansaray des 13. Jahrhunderts, 1961, pp. 156-58, no. 44.
Gabriel, A. Monuments turcs d'Anatolie, I, II. 1931, 1934, p. 112, fig. 72; p. 6 image 3.
Karpuz, H. & Kuş, A. & Dıvarcı, I. & Şimşek, F. Anadolu Selçuklu Eserleri, 2008, v. 2, p. 423.
Eravşar, 2017. p. 127; photo I. Dıvarcı
Eravşar, 2017. p. 130; photo I. Dıvarcı
ruined hamam near the han
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